NOTE: Be sure to preview all materials before using with your students.
Teacher will assess students’ ability to compare forms of government via verbal feedback to student’s verbal responses during 7thGrade Witness to War Exhibition
Teacher will assess students’ ability to compare forms of government via verbal feedback to student’s written responses to Evidence of Government Involvement Note-Taking Form.
Teacher will assess students’ ability to identify and compare forms of government via written feedback to students’ written responses to Witness to War: Response Questionsindependent practice worksheet.
Teacher will assess students’ ability to define and identify different forms of government via written response to Forms of Government Scenariosindependent worksheet.
Teacher will assess students’ ability to identify and describe different forms of government and tell how different forms of government impacted the lives of Teodora Verbitskayaand Nadia Werbitzkyvia written or verbal feedback to student’s written or verbal response to Exit Ticket
Students will write an essay that describes how the socialist governments of Lenin, Stalin and Hitler impacted the lives of families in Russia and Germany in 1930s and 1940s AND compares that socialist government and its impact on its citizens with the representative democracy form of government of the U.S.A. and its impact on the lives of its citizens today using information from Two Regimes: Witness to War.
Teachers will determine their own grading criteria.However, written responses should include specific examples from Two Regimes that demonstrate their understanding of forms of government.
Introduce lesson by telling the story ofa Ukrainian woman namedTeodoraVerbitskaya and her daughters, Lucy and Nadia who experienced the military occupation forces of Nazi Germany inlate 1941 during World War II.They witnessed the deportation of 7,500 Jews from Mariupol who were later murdered.The Germans forced Teodora and her daughters to move to Germany and serve as slave laborers.They were liberated from German control by American forces at the end of World War II.
Explain that Teodora Verbitskaya kept diaries of her life experiences that were later published. Then explain that her oldest daughter, Nadia Werbitzky, went on to become an artist and that many of her paintings are memory paintings from her life experiences as a young person.
Explain to students that in this lesson they will learn about different forms of government, which forms were in place in the Ukraine and Russia during WWII.They will learn how these forms of government, as well as the Holocaust impacted the lives of European people.This will be accomplished by interacting with the primary source memoir of Teodora Verbitskaya and paintings of her daughter, Nadia Werbitzky. Share that works of these two women were later published in a book entitled Two Regimes – A Mother’s Memoir of Wartime Survival.
For background information see Support Materials:
Historical Overview of Two Regimes by Dr. Jonathan Grant
Historical Overview by Dr. Michael Berenbaum
Nadia Werbitzky Biographical Information
Teodora Verbitskaya Biographical Information
PresentHistorical Overview for Two Regimesby Dr. Jonathan Grant to entire class.
Distribute Evidence of Government Involvement Note-Taking Formto each student to use to during presentation and afterward to detail how the governments under Lenin, Stalin and Hitler regimes impacted ordinary families in Russia and Germany.
Next, present 7thGrade Witness to War Exhibition PDF or Videoto entire class.
After viewing Exhibition, have students work in pairs or small groups to discuss their responses on Evidence of Government Involvement Note-Taking Form.
In small groups, have students discuss the following discussion questions:
What did we learn about the forms of government?
How did the government impact the lives of these people?
Compare that to the way our government controls our family life.
Discuss student responses to discussion questions as whole group. Record for visual display if desired.
See Support Materials for:
Historical Overview for Two Regimes by Dr. Jonathan Grant
Historical Overview of Holocaust by Dr. Michael Berenbaum
7thGrade Paintings in Exhibition PDF
7thGrade Exhibition YouTube Video
Evidence of Government Involvement Note-Taking Form
Students may create role plays to present to the class that depict different forms of government. They should present a scene from which the rest of the class will have to identify the form of government the actors are “living” under.
Students may research the form of government of participating countries during WWII and the role their government played in their participation.
Students may research to learn how different forms of government have changed over time.
Students will learn about different forms of government through a memoir entitled Two Regimes – A Mother’s Memoir of Wartime Survivalwritten by Teodora Verbitskaya and illustrated by Nadia Werbitzky who experienced the military occupation forces of Nazi Germany during World War II, witnessed the deportation of 7,500 Jews who were later murdered, were forced to serve as slave laborers by the Germans, and were liberated from German control by American forces at the end of World War II.